The gum from M. flagellipes seed endosperm has been isolated and characterised using capillary viscometry and steady shear and small deformation oscillatory rheometry. The endosperm was found to constitute 67.15% of the whole seed and yielded 32.6% of gum. The Huggins and Kraemer plots obtained by capillary viscometry gave an intrinsic viscosity of 7.9 dL/g and viscosity average molecular mass was calculated to be 2.1 x 106 using the Mark Houwink relationship. The zero shear viscosity was plotted against the coil overlap parameter, C[ç], and the slopes of the lines in the dilute and semi-dilute regions were found to be ~ 1.0 and 4.6 respectively. The curves were fitted to the Tuinier and Martin equations and showed only qualitative agreement. The shear flow viscosity profiles indicated that M. flagellipes gum did not exhibit significant shear thinning at polymer concentrations less than 0.5%, however, at higher concentrations, pronounced shear thinning was observed with the relaxation time (ô) increasing with increase in polymer concentration. The dynamic viscosity profiles showed that at all polymer concentrations examined, a Newtonian plateau was obtained at low frequencies indicating that the loss modulus was the dominant response. Plots of log ç versus log ﻵ and log ç* versus log ù were not superimposible and hence did not obey the Cox-Merz rule.
Chemistry | Polymer Chemistry
Nwokocha, L.M., & Williams, P.A. (2009) ‘Isolation and rheological characterization of Mucuna flagellipes seed gum’. Food Hydrocolloids, 23(5), 1394-1397
Digital Commons Citation
Nwokocha, Louis M. and Williams, Peter A., "Isolation and Rheological Characterization of Mucuna flagellipes Seed Gum" (2009). Centre for Water Soluble Polymers. Paper 2.